The four baskets of Trump supporters

From The Washington Post:

During a fundraiser on Friday, Hillary Clinton repeated a theory about Donald Trump’s supporters that has become widespread in the media — a theory that divides them into two groups. Some of his supporters are motivated by bigotry and prejudice, Clinton said. The Democratic presidential nominee put this group into what she called “the basket of deplorables.” Other supporters are motivated by broader frustrations about politics and the economy, Clinton added.

“That other basket of people are people who feel that the government has let them down, the economy has let them down, nobody cares about them, nobody worries about what happens to their lives and their futures, and they’re just desperate for change,” she said.

Many pundits look at Trump’s voters in a similar way, implicitly dividing them into those motivated by economic concerns and those motivated by racial anxieties, and there has been a fierce debate over which group has been more important to Trump’s unanticipated success.

Yet the data suggest this is a false dichotomy. Many of Trump’s supporters have both motivations, polls suggest.

In a poll earlier this year, The Washington Post and ABC News found that Republicans and Republican-leaning independent voters who supported Trump in the primary could be divided into not two, but four baskets of roughly equal size based on their economic and racial anxieties:

Only 26 percent of Trump’s supporters said that they were not struggling economically or in the lower class, but that it was a bigger problem that whites were losing out to African Americans and Hispanics than vice versa – the group that most closely corresponds to how Clinton described the ’basket of deplorables.’ Another 20 percent said they did not think it was a problem that whites were losing out, but they did put themselves in the lower class or said they were struggling …

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